Electronic recycling or e waste recycling refers to the separation and disassembly of computer parts and other raw materials from electronic waste. While the methods of repair, donation and re-utilization are not technically recycling, such are quite common and widely accepted eco-friendly ways to safely dispose of computer waste. Here is a brief article on the basic mechanics of this practice and how you can begin your own recycling programs in your own home or office.
There are two categories of electronic recyclers, one for household electronics recyclables and another for industrial electronics recyclables. The latter are the most expensive category as they have to be refurbished to make them workable again and are thus more difficult to recycle. The household electronics category is made up of everyday household items like LCD TVs, DVD players, MP3 players, and computers.
To make these electronic products function again, they require soldering, cleaning and a new circuit board assembly. For industrial waste, a lot of energy has to be exerted to convert it into an efficient electronic product. There must be a substantial amount of energy input.
It needs to be cleaned thoroughly and resoldered. After the work is wholly restored to its original state, a circuit board assembly must be built. The process of re-working these products requires additional re-selling, resoldering, cleaning and testing before it can be reused. This is not a simple process and needs expert help.
The concept of “e-waste” was first introduced in the 1970s when a report named the United Nations Conference on Trade and Development (UNCTAD) issued a statement which stated that all the electronic products produced in developed countries would have to be recycled. The “e-waste” phenomenon is today an issue of grave concern for countries like India, China, South Africa, Mexico, Germany and the United States. These countries all manufacture a large number of electronic products, and the potential to reuse them and recycle them are becoming a primary environmental concern.
While the concept of “e-waste baskets” is not new, it has become a growing concern for many countries since 1980 because of the massive amounts of electronic waste that comes from developed countries. In most states, the amount of electronic waste has been rising over the past 20 years or so, and the need for “e-waste” recycling programs is also increasing.